If you are considering LASIK or other laser procedure for vision correction is vital that you are well informed. Find out the answers to the questions that we are often asked.

1. Am I eligible for LASIK?

When you fill this test, we will be able to make an initial assessment of whether you are a suitable candidate for laser vision correction. Of course, this questionnaire does not replace the medical examination, but your answers will help us to specify your individual needs.

2. Is laser vision correction a painful procedure?

Usually the laser correction is completely painless. During the procedure you can have a feeling of pressure that disappears after the correction.

3. Will the result of laser correction last forever?

With laser procedures, laser remodels the shape of the cornea permanently. However, it is possible that some people, despite the successful correction, can have partial regression of the dioptres. It depends on the individual "response" to the cornea and its elasticity.

4. Is laser vision correction safe? What are the potential risks and complications?

Laser vision correction procedures have been applied successfully with millions of people around the world since the early 90s. There are no known cases where someone has lost eyesight due to laser correction. But like any medical intervention, there are some risks, although they are exceptionally rare. After correction some people experience discomfort and wet eyes. Other side effects are associated with the so-called "dry eye", burning, irritation, and itching, foreign body feeling in the eye. A double vision may also occur. You may have sensitivity to light and see halos around lights at night, which should gradually disappear.

5. What is the age limit for laser correction?

Laser procedure may be applied to persons over 18 years. There are no restrictions above that age. It should be borne in mind that with advancing age, the eyes start processes that make laser correction a less appropriate alternative for the patient. Therefore an examination is needed and the results shall be discussed with your ophthalmologist as well as the possible vision correction alternatives.

6. How do I see after correction?

Usually vision comes close to what it was before the procedure. Note that laser vision correction aims to relieve you of your dependence on glasses and not to increase your visual acuity. However, patients often say they see better than before. If your vision has been 100% before the correction, this means that it is possible to expect even better vision (in ophthalmology 100% means that visual acuity, which is expected by the common person at a certain age). There are people who have a better visual acuity than the common 100%).

7. Are both eyes corrected at the same?

Yes, the procedure is very short and allows simultaneous correction of both eyes. Furthermore, the simultaneous vision correction helps the neural adaptation of brain.

8. What type of anaesthesia is used for during the procedure?

Anaesthesia is in the form of eye drops, which will help to numb your eye. Sometimes a medication that will help you relax is given orally.

9. How long does it take to make the laser correction?

The actual laser correction lasts seconds (our laser is the leader in the laser refractive surgery and corrects 1 dioptre for about 2 seconds). Because of the preparations, however, the procedure takes approximately 20-30 minutes, as an average.

10. Shall I wear a blindfold?

LASIK patients receive special glasses that they may take off the next day when is your first check-up. After SmartSurfACE you will have therapeutic contact lenses place by the doctor. You'll have to wear them for 5 to 6 days.

11. What happens if you move or blink after the procedure started?

Do not worry. Nothing fatal can happen if you blink or move. One of the most important advantages of our laser is its incredible Eye Tracking system that cares for your safety.

Even with full concentration eyes perform involuntary movements. They cannot be suppressed, even when the patient looks at the green light. Eye movements are carried out by an average of 90 micrometres in a millisecond in different directions. Therefore the exact centring and constant positioning of the eye is vital for the accuracy and safety of the procedure. With the tracking system of the excimer laser in the Burgas Eye Hospital all movements that the eye can make are taken into account and compensated 1050 times per second. No other laser in the world is capable to perform Eye Tracking with a greater speed than this. I.e. if the eye is diverted, the laser beam is diverted at a lightning speed, as well.

If you move your head abruptly, the laser will simply stop working and will resume when your doctor positions you back.

12. What my vision will be right after the procedure?

With SmartPulse technology many people are surprised that even immediately after the surgery they are able to see well. However, it is normal to see things blurred. Stabilisation of vision comes progressively – within 1 month after LASIK and within about 3 months after SmartSurf ACE. Full recovery sometimes takes up to 6 months.

13. I'm pregnant, can I undergo laser correction.

Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy may lead to changes in the eye. Usually these changes are minor and do not affect special visual acuity, but can compromise the good result of laser correction. Therefore, our ophthalmologists advise not to undergo the procedure during pregnancy and lactation. If you want eye correction while trying to become pregnant in the next six months, you need to talk to the ophthalmologist.

14. What are the restrictions after laser correction?

Your behaviour after laser correction is crucial for the successful recovery and hence the final result from the laser correction.

It is necessary to follow some restrictions:

  • - Showering and bathing (but no head and hear) - on the next day;
  • - Complete showering/bathing - the next day, taking care not to wet the eyes.
    It is best if someone helps you to bend your head back and wash your hair;
  • - Washing of the face - on the next day (without the eyes - they must not get wet);
  • - Makeup on the areas around the eyes - after two weeks;
  • - Alcohol - on the next day;
  • - Driving - not before the third day after or in a week, at best;
  • - Watching TV, reading, computer - on the next day (without eye strain);
  • - Light exercise and sports - in one week;
  • - Swimming, contact and power sports - after 1 month.

15. When will I be able to go back to work?

If LASIK is the procedure you have undergone, you will be able to return to work practically the next day. In case of SmartSurfACE this period is slightly longer. However, our doctors recommend that you give yourself some time to rest and recover without unnecessary stress. In addition, if your job involves long hours at the computer, such exposition would be negative for your eyes. If you work in a dirty or dusty environment, you will need to plan a long absence from work.

16. Can I drive?

Even if your vision is good, it is not advisable to drive 2-3 days after the correction (in case of SmartSurfACE for least 1 week).

17. When can I wear make-up?

Do not put makeup on the area around the eyes for at least two weeks.

18. When can I play sports?

Light sports can be practiced after 1 week. Avoid swimming and contact and power sports at least for one month.

19. Does NHIF bear the cost for the laser vision correction?

No, because such interventions are defined as cosmetic procedures.

20. Will I need glasses or contact lenses after the procedure?

The goal of refractive surgery is to reduce or relieve you of your dependence on glasses and contact lenses. Glasses with small dioptres will still be required in some cases - to drive in the dark, for example.

Sometimes, due to high myopia or other individual characteristics of vision, a better result can be achieved with the so-called phakic lenses that are implanted into the eye (the natural intraocular lens remains intact, while the phakic lens is placed in front of it).

Most people over 40 years who have not undergone laser vision correction, read easily without glasses. People over the age 40-45 develop the so called presbyopia. The term refers to reduced elasticity of the intraocular lens (a natural process associated with age) due to which near vision is weakened. After the laser correction you may not need glasses for distance viewing (if you wear such) but may still need to wear reading glasses. For patients over 45 who do not want to wear glasses, a very good option is the implantation of intraocular lenses, which will enable them to see well at all distances without the aid of glasses.